Will Robots Take Our Jobs?

The robots are revolutionizing the world of work and reaching the big industries.

With increased investment in automation, will the rise of robots create new job opportunities or leave millions of people definitely without work?

Automation has progressed rapidly since the 1960s. In recent years, even interactions seen as “typically human” are being mechanized. It is the case, for example, of restoration.

Since the Covid-19 pandemic, the hotelier and the restoration have crossed a global crisis at the level of employment, unprecedented. In France, the sector lost almost 10% of the workers. Are robots a solution to this shortage of workforce?

A machine that makes pizzas

In the French capital, a restaurant has a robot that prepares and serves up to 80 pizzas per hour without any human intervention. The client orders the pizza on a machine. The robot’s articulated arms prepare the dough, put the sauce and ingredients and put the pizza in the oven. The client recovers the order with a code. The technology costs about 300 thousand euros.

“The most difficult technologically was to master the organic elements. The mass is a living element, there are yeasts. The product has features that are not constant. Sauces can have variable viscosities. It was extremely complex to develop a technology capable of managing all kinds of ingredients, in a way that respected the products,” said Sebastien Roverso, co-founder of the company Pazzi.

“The robotics can perform this kind of kitchen much more easily, much faster and with higher quality than a team of cooks. It is the advantage of robotics, which has already helped all sectors of activity. There is no reason why it should not be used in the fast-food sector,” added Philippe Goldman, president of Pazzi Robotics.

Does automation eliminate jobs?

The World Economic Forum provides for workers to be replaced by robots faster than we think. At the current rate, up to 85 million jobs can be automated by 2025. But the process can lead to the creation of more jobs. In the same period of time, the organization estimates that 97 million new jobs will be created.

A joint work between humans and machines

Global robotics expenditure is expected to reach US$242 billion next year. There are companies trying to figure out how robots and humans can work together without losing jobs. The increase in e-commerce during pandemic was one of the factors that favored robotization.

” It is important to mention two vectors. Electronic commerce was one of them. The other is the so-called ‘co-bots’, the desire to make robotics accessible, to a larger number of companies, namely for small and medium-sized enterprises. Currently, it is necessary to reduce the total cost of ownership and the total cost of integration, which requires simpler robots who do not need auxiliary equipment to perform certain tasks. Simple, easy to use, affordable and easy to implement robots. And this is already happening and will help many other companies adopt robotics and drive profits,” said Euronews Mar Segura, president of the ABB Robotics department in Vienna.

“human interaction is not at risk of being automated”

Nahia Orduna, a specialist in technology and cloud computing, is convinced that robots will not steal human jobs.

” I’m convinced the robots won’t steal our jobs. 85 million jobs will be displaced. It is a shift of labor between machines and humans. But 97 million jobs will be created. They’ll be the jobs of the future. Let me share with you my experience at my favorite restaurant in central Munich, Germany. I go to an Italian restaurant a lot. When I get here, I’m greeted by the employees. Maybe the pizza is made by a robot in the kitchen. It doesn’t matter. The Italian employee who makes me feel like I’m on vacation in Italy, will not disappear. This human interaction is not at risk of being automated, because it is the basis of our human experience”, concluded Nahia Orduna, author of the book ‘Your Digital Reinvention’.

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